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  According to the Zoological Society of London, the Pug is one of the oldest breeds of dog, having originated in China some 700 years B.C. Their presence was noted in Holland, Germany, England, Spain, and Russia as early as the 15th and 16th centuries where they were Mopshunden, Mops, Carlin, Carlini and in England, as Dutch Mastiffs or Pugs.   The Pug is of Chinese origin and dates back to the pre-Christian era. Pugs were prized possessions of the Emperors of China and lived in a most luxurious atmosphere .They at times were even guarded by soldiers. Records show that three types of short nosed dogs were bred by the Chinese.The Lo-sze,"Foo Dog",was the ancient pug. The others were the Pekingese and the Lion Dog.   Dutch traders brought the Pugs from the east to Holland and to England. The more refined Pug that we know  today must be credited to the English. This happy little dog was enjoyed by many Monarchs of Europe and to this day is a favorite with royalty and discerning people all over the world.  The American Kennel Club first recognized the Pug breed in 1885. The Pug's popularity grew quickly but then dwindled by the turn of the century. A few dedicated breeders kept the breed going and slowly the pug reappeared on the American scene. The Pug Dog Club of America was founded in 1931 and recognized by the AKC that same year. The Pug is enjoying a rather steady rate of growth in popularity at the present time. The pug is not so popular as to be common nor so uncommon as to be rare. There may be no other breed of dog that tugs the heart strings as a Pug does.  A Pug's character is unique in that he is a clown at heart with a terrific sense of humor but at the same time he carries himself with great dignity. Though considered a Toy Breed, they are not too delicate for fun and games, nor a child's affection. There actually may be no better dog for a child, for it is uncommon for a pug to be provoked. The pug is anxious to please, anxious to learn, though may be stubborn at times, and lives to love. His greatest requirement is that you love him in return. And treats. Lots of treats. Pugs also live to eat. On a positive note,treats tend to aid greatly in training and reduce stubborn tendencies! Pugs are not suitable for athletes who want a dog for companionship while running.  Pugs can and do over heat easily, in that they are a Brachycephalic breed. They do not do well in heat, especially with humidity, so a pug is an "indoors only pet". They can be walked when it is cooler outdoors but do use caution at all times  Pugs are fairly low maintenance dogs but they DO SHED.
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